The winner of the new award, now in its fourth year, will be announced during the Champions League group stage draw on August 28.
Neuer, the first goalkeeper to make the final three-man shortlist, won the German domestic double with Bayern Munich last season and also proved in irresistible form during Germany’s World Cup triumph.
Ronaldo is also the reigning Ballon d’Or winner – the award which was once designated for the European Footballer of the Year but has been amalgamated with FIFA’s World Player of the Year award.
Journalists will vote for the winner on August 28 in Monaco.
Bayern forward Thomas Mueller finished fourth in the award, with team-mate and Germany captain Philipp Lahm in fifth.
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