Coronavirus: Consequences of lockdown 'rapidly accumulating', warns public health expert

·Contributor, Yahoo News UK
·4-min read
Screen grab of Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab during a media briefing in Downing Street, London, on coronavirus (COVID-19). (Photo by PA Video/PA Images via Getty Images)
Public health experts have offered mixed reactions to the government's extension of coronavirus lockdown measures in the UK. (Getty Images)

A health expert has said the UK government's decision to extend coronavirus lockdown measures by at least three weeks is a "crushing disappointment" to many.

On Thursday, officials announced restrictions will be kept in place for “at least” another three weeks.

First secretary of state Dominic Raab said that social distancing restrictions would be extended as the infection rate had “not been brought down as far as it needs to be”.

Following a meeting with SAGE (Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies), he said any relaxing of social distancing measures would threaten to bring a second peak of the outbreak to the country.

Police officers patrol St James's Park, during lockdown due to the coronavirus outbreak, in London, Thursday, April 16, 2020. The British government is promising to test thousands of nursing home residents and staff for the new coronavirus, as it faces criticism for failing to count care-home deaths in its tally of victims. (AP Photo/Alberto Pezzali)
The government said lifting restrictions early could lead to a second peak in coronavirus cases and deaths. (AP)

The announcement came after new coronavirus deaths rose by 861 in 24 hours on Thursday – bringing the death toll from 12,868 to 13,729, according to the Department of Health (DoH).

However, one public health expert said the affects of the lockdown would have wider negative effects on society beyond the threat of coronavirus infection.

Professor Linda Bauld, chair of public health at the University of Edinburgh, said: “The extension of lockdown was expected but this news will come as a crushing disappointment to many.

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“Everyone recognises that the absolute priority is to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and protect the NHS.”

But Bauld said the wider consequences of lockdown “are rapidly accumulating” - with not all deaths “COVID related”

“In the past week we have seen data from several parts of the UK that shows a rise in all-cause mortality and not all of these deaths are COVID-related,” she continued.

“There are more seriously ill people dying at home, more calls to 999, and accident and emergency hospital admissions have fallen. Recent surveys show worrying increases in anxiety and depression.

“Incidents of domestic violence - some of them fatal - have grown. Alcohol and drug services cannot support their clients in the usual way, and although we don’t yet know if directly alcohol and drug attributable will rise, this is a real possibility.”

A digital sign thanking NHS (National Health Service) staff is displayed over a road to try to help stop the spread of coronavirus in Manchester, northern England, Thursday, April 9, 2020. The new coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms for most people, but for some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness or death. (AP Photo/Jon Super)
A public health expert claims there has been a rise in cases of anxiety and depression, as well as cases of domestic violence relating to quarantine measures imposed by the UK government. (AP)

However, other scientific experts agreed with the government’s decision to keep lockdown measures in place.

Dr Simon Clarke, an associate professor of cellular microbiology at the University of Reading, said: “Taking the foot off the brake too early will only give the virus an opportunity to begin to spread again, at pace.

“Decisions taken by other countries will help inform policy makers in deciding how to lift control measures, but we will also need to see testing conducted much more intensively than it is now, to gain a more accurate picture of how the virus is moving within the population."

Backing up Dr Clarke’s comments, Professor Gary McLean from London Metropolitan University said the government’s decision to extend measures made “complete sense”.

He said: “They are quite rightly making sure that this outbreak does not expand further by releasing the control measures too soon, considering that the government were so slow in the initial phases of the pandemic to introduce lockdown this shows that they are listening and learning.

“To relieve the lockdowns there must be overwhelming evidence of reduced virus transmission in the community. They claim the R value is likely to be below 1 in the community but I would like to see how they have calculated this.

Screen grab of Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty (left) and Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab during a media briefing in Downing Street, London, on coronavirus (COVID-19). (Photo by PA Video/PA Images via Getty Images)
Screen grab of Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty (left) and Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab during a media briefing in Downing Street, London, on coronavirus (COVID-19). (Photo by PA Video/PA Images via Getty Images)

“The UK control measures should also reflect what has happened in other countries and learn from them. Wuhan, China had lockdown for 11 weeks and had far fewer cases than the UK at the time of lockdown. “

There is strong public support for a lockdown extension, according to a YouGov survey released today.

It shows 67% of people strongly backed extending it, with 24% “somewhat” supporting it. Just 5% opposed it while 4% said they didn’t know.

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