The Baggy Green skipper has been laid low and is missing from the tour of India because a long-standing back problem, and was not expected to play until New South Wales' Sheffield Shield clash with Victoria on November 6.
However the 32-year-old has been named as captain in his state's side to face Tasmania in a game starting this week.
Cricket Australia confirmed his inclusion on its website, and will be hoping Clarke can come through unscathed ahead of the first Ashes Test in Brisbane on November 21.
Clarke will line-up alongside fellow Test players Nathan Lyon, Steve Smith and David Warner and make his first appearance since scoring 75 against England in a one-day clash on September 16.
Clarke, who has made 97 Test appearances for Australia, is key to his country's hopes of a first Ashes win in four series, boasting an average of just over 52.
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