With England selectors Geoff Miller and James Whitaker in attendance, Ballance made 107, while Rashid was unbeaten on 120 at the close with Yorkshire 332 for five. The pair's stand of 207 was Yorkshire's highest for the fifth wicket in first class matches on the Test ground.
Winning the toss and deciding to bat, Yorkshire soon found themselves 17 for two as Peter Trego, bowling from the football stand end, quickly accounted for both openers.
Adam Lyth got an edge to the fourth ball of the match for wicketkeeper Jos Buttler to take an excellent one-handed catch diving low to his left and the same combination got rid of Joe Sayers when he could not avoid contact with one which seamed away from him.
Yorkshire's recovery was halted in consecutive overs as they dipped to 75 for four. Captain Andrew Gale, edged his fourth ball for Buttler to hold on to his third catch. Steve Kirby, was the next to strike, Trescothick atoning for his earlier lapse by stooping to hold a low catch to send back Jaques for 49 from 76 balls in a knock which contained eight fours.
Lancashire seamer Luke Procter took four wickets in 28 balls, including that of Alastair Cook, but a fighting 102 not out by Graham Napier helped Essex recover to reach 226 all out on a hard-fought first day of the Division Two match at Old Trafford.
England captain Cook was caught behind for a 92-ball 34 four balls after lunch in the middle of a spell in which the visitors declined from 57 for one to 77 for five either side of the interval.
Essex, however, mounted a fightback - helped in large part by Napier. His century was his fourth score above fifty in five Championship innings and took him to an aggregate of 340 runs in six innings in the 2013 season - 105 more than he scored in the whole of the 2012 campaign.
But Lancashire had only themselves to blame for not dismissing the in-form all-rounder earlier in the day. Napier was dropped by first slip Paul Horton off Procter when on nine and then by Procter off his own bowling when he had advanced to 32.
Taking advantage of those let-offs, he progressed to his hundred, often batting somewhat against type and hitting just 10 boundaries and a couple of sixes in his 178-ball, 215-minute innings.
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- Jos Buttler
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