Team captain Jaroslav Navratil also selected Radek Stepanek, Lukas Rosol and Ivo Minar on Wednesday for the tie in Buenos Aires on September 14-16.
The Czechs beat Argentina the last time they met in 2009 before losing in the final to Spain.
Last year's runner-up Argentina will be without David Nalbandian in the semi-final because of injury. World number eight Juan Martin del Potro will instead lead the side.
The winner of the clay court tie will reach November's final against either Spain or the United States, who clash in Gijon the same weekend.
- Sports & Recreation
- Lukas Rosol
- Radek Stepanek
- Ivo Minar
- David Nalbandian