Thousands of the instruments were distributed before a game between Bahia and Vitoria at Salvador's Fonte Nova stadium, one of the 12 World Cup venues, on Sunday.
But angry Bahia fans found a different use for them by throwing them onto the pitch in protest at their own team's performance in a 2-1 defeat by Vitoria.
"FIFA and the local organising committee will analyse the situation and will reconsider the caxirolas as items approved for the Confederations Cup and World Cup, for safety reasons," FIFA said.
The caxirola was created by Brazilian musician Carlinhos Brown and sounds something like a maraca when shaken.
Brazilians are hoping they will provide a distinctive backdrop to matches, just as vuvuzelas did in South African in 2010.
Even before Sunday, some critics were already sceptical, saying it is not a traditional sound at games in Brazil.
The vuvuzela, a plastic horn which makes a droning sound when blown, was widely criticised for drowning out the natural sounds of the football crowds and wrecking the atmosphere at matches at the 2010 World Cup.
It has failed to catch on outside South Africa and is banned by European football's governing body UEFA.
- Sports & Recreation