Robinson, former chairman at Bury and Sheffield United, joins the Foxes from Stoke, where he had been director of youth development for two years.
Leicester's chief executive officer Susan Whelan said: "The appointment of Terry Robinson will add another dimension to the club and to our football operations.
"The appointment of Terry will complement the wealth of football experience already in place in our first-team manager Nigel Pearson, academy director John Rudkin and football operations director Andrew Neville, whose roles all remain unchanged.
"I would like to take this opportunity to welcome Terry to Leicester City and wish him great success in his new role."
- Board & Management Changes
- Sports & Recreation
- Terry Robinson
- Sheffield United