Talbot was forced off with the injury early in the second half of the Spireites' 2-1 defeat at Wycombe on Saturday.
A statement on the club's official website said: "Drew Talbot will see a specialist tomorrow (January 8). The club will update supporters further once Drew has visited the specialist."
Talbot, 26, has been a consistent performer for Chesterfield this season, starting all 32 of the club's games and scoring in the 3-0 win over York on Boxing Day.
- Sports & Recreation
- Drew Talbot