"Both men and women will have the identical route, starting and finishing at the Luzhniki Olympic stadium," Mikhail Butov, the head co-ordinator for the championships, said.
"After the start, the runners will head to the city centre along the Frunzenskaya embankment. They will also run alongside the Kremlin walls before heading back to the stadium," he said.
"They'll repeat this route four times, running the total of 26.2 miles before finishing at the stadium."
Organisers also revealed that the total prize money for the August 10-18 championships will be $7.2 million.
The competition, except for the marathon and race walking events, will be held at the 84,000-seat Luzhniki arena, which will be expanded to 90,000 for the World Cup in 2018 when it will host the opening game, one of the semi-finals and the final.