Coach Jacques Brunel has named him in a 30-man squad for their opening two matches against champions Wales in Cardiff on February 1 and France in Paris eight days later.
Bergamasco, 30, fractured a kneecap when he last played for Italy against Australia in Florence in November 2012.
Brunel has also brought in Zebre Rugby fullback Giuglielmo Palazzani for the first time while Benetton Treviso winger Angelo Esposito is awaiting his first start.
Palazzani's Zebre team mate Marco Bortolami will reach 100 caps should he start either of the two games in the second row.
- Sports & Recreation