Sebastian Vahaamahina has been called into the squad and will be among the replacements, the French federation said.
The 24-year-old Maestri, who has seven caps, was ruled out because of back pain.
"This is a big blow because Yoann is an important piece of our pack ... He has got power and experience on the touchline," France manager Philippe Saint-Andre said.
"Jocelino Suta has a deserved opportunity to make his debut, I am very happy for him."
"Yoann will stay with us to undergo treatment and I hope he will be ready for (the test against) Argentina next week."
- Sports & Recreation