World's worst countries for child labour: Guess where India stands?

Yahoo Finance

12th June each year marks the World Day Against Child Labour day.

With 33 million child labourers, India is already one of the key countries in focus. The bad news is that the COVID-19 crisis may push millions more children into child labour, including in countries like India, Brazil and Mexico, reversing progress made over the last 20 years during when it was brought down by 94 million, according to a new report.

According to the new brief from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and UNICEF titled ‘COVID-19 and child labour: A time of crisis, a time to act’ released on Friday, child labour decreased by 94 million since 2000, but that gain is now at risk. Read more here.

The international consulting firm Maplecroft has compiled a Child Labor Index to rank them. The Child Labour Index forms part of Verisk Maplecroft’s Human Rights Dataset, which consists of 32 indices assessing key elements of the human rights and development environment. These include issues covering labour rights, civil and political rights, human security, poverty, education and health.

Verisk Maplecroft’s human rights risk indices are developed using quantitative and qualitative data from a range of respected sources. In simple terms these can be described as the severity and frequency of violations, a country’s adoption of laws and international treaties, and their ability and will to enforce these laws through government agencies. Key sources for the construction of the index include, the International Labor Organisation, the UN, The US Department of Labor, the US State Department, the World Bank and others.

According to the latest annual Child Labour Index (2019), which assesses 198 countries, manufacturing hubs, including China, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Cambodia have registered no tangible improvement in the ranking since 2016.

India performs poorly on the Child Labour Index with a total score of 3.05 out of 10 (where 0.00 is the worst score possible). It is ranked 48th in the index and sits within the ‘high risk’ category. India is among the 25% worst performing countries globally.

On this day, here’s a look at the countries which are categorised as the worst for children as they are forced into labor under extreme conditions, sex trades, and even war. In these countries, children are made to work in dangerous jobs such as logging, mining, and fighting wars, as well as exploiting them as beggars, household help, and even for sexual purposes.

Source: https://www.maplecroft.com/thank-you/progress-on-child-labour-flatlining-in-worlds-manufacturing-hubs/

https://www.un.org/en/events/childlabourday/

https://www.ilo.org/ipec/ChildlabourstatisticsSIMPOC/lang--en/index.html

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/worst-countries-for-child-labor.html

Around 1,012,863 children, 39.8% of children between the ages of 5 to 14, are child labourers in Somalia. Children are hired as labor for fishing, threshing grain, and livestock raising. Construction and mining industries also use children as part of the workforce. Children are also seen begging on the streets, hawking, and minibus conducting. They are also engaged in armed conflicts, illegal and anti-national activities. Human trafficking of children is also prevalent. Abject poverty in Somalia often forces parents to give up their children to work as labourers.
10. Somalia
Around 1,012,863 children, 39.8% of children between the ages of 5 to 14, are child labourers in Somalia. Children are hired as labor for fishing, threshing grain, and livestock raising. Construction and mining industries also use children as part of the workforce. Children are also seen begging on the streets, hawking, and minibus conducting. They are also engaged in armed conflicts, illegal and anti-national activities. Human trafficking of children is also prevalent. Abject poverty in Somalia often forces parents to give up their children to work as labourers.
Nearly 13% of Pakistani children accounting for 2,449,480 individuals between the ages of 10 to 14 are child labourers. 76% of these children work in the agricultural sector involving activities like working in crop fields, fishing and shrimp harvesting and processing. A large number of children are also engaged in restaurants, tea stalls, transportation, and garbage scavenging. As per ILO, poverty is the single major factor responsible for the high prevalence of child labor in the country.
9. Pakistan
Nearly 13% of Pakistani children accounting for 2,449,480 individuals between the ages of 10 to 14 are child labourers. 76% of these children work in the agricultural sector involving activities like working in crop fields, fishing and shrimp harvesting and processing. A large number of children are also engaged in restaurants, tea stalls, transportation, and garbage scavenging. As per ILO, poverty is the single major factor responsible for the high prevalence of child labor in the country.
Nigeria suffers from severe poverty leading to a large number of cases of child labor. Data from ILO reveals that over 15 million children in the country below the age of 14 are child labourers. Girls are primarily employed as domestic helps in households and boys and girls alike are also hired to do agricultural work, street hawking & begging, mining and construction work, shoe shining, car washing, auto repair, conducting minibuses, and numerous other activities.
8. Nigeria
Nigeria suffers from severe poverty leading to a large number of cases of child labor. Data from ILO reveals that over 15 million children in the country below the age of 14 are child labourers. Girls are primarily employed as domestic helps in households and boys and girls alike are also hired to do agricultural work, street hawking & begging, mining and construction work, shoe shining, car washing, auto repair, conducting minibuses, and numerous other activities.
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Around 1.5 million children between the ages of 10 to 17 are forced to work as labourers in Myanmar. The agricultural sector in the country employs the largest number of children while construction and small-scale industries also involve children as part of their workforce. Once again, poverty is the main reason behind children being engaged in labor.
7. Myanmar
Around 1.5 million children between the ages of 10 to 17 are forced to work as labourers in Myanmar. The agricultural sector in the country employs the largest number of children while construction and small-scale industries also involve children as part of their workforce. Once again, poverty is the main reason behind children being engaged in labor.
358,179 children in Liberia are labourers, which constitutes over 30% of the country's total child population. Children are involved in agriculture jobs which exposes them to hazardous working conditions. The country's lack of labor laws is the main cause behind this. Severe poverty and inefficient justice system are also to blame.
6. Liberia
358,179 children in Liberia are labourers, which constitutes over 30% of the country's total child population. Children are involved in agriculture jobs which exposes them to hazardous working conditions. The country's lack of labor laws is the main cause behind this. Severe poverty and inefficient justice system are also to blame.
The world's second most populated country, India, has as many as 33 million child labourers. Children work in mines, on farms, and in garment factories. Although the economy of the country has grown over the past several decades, not everyone in the population has benefited evenly. Despite legislative efforts, the number of child workers has increased in recent years especially in big cities.
5. India
The world's second most populated country, India, has as many as 33 million child labourers. Children work in mines, on farms, and in garment factories. Although the economy of the country has grown over the past several decades, not everyone in the population has benefited evenly. Despite legislative efforts, the number of child workers has increased in recent years especially in big cities.
Underage working remains a problem in Ethiopia despite government efforts to curb it. 41.5% of the country's population aged between 7 and 14 are engaged in child labour. Children from underdeveloped regions of the country are forced into areas of work such as shoe shining, vending, mining, and even unpaid labor.
4. Ethiopia
Underage working remains a problem in Ethiopia despite government efforts to curb it. 41.5% of the country's population aged between 7 and 14 are engaged in child labour. Children from underdeveloped regions of the country are forced into areas of work such as shoe shining, vending, mining, and even unpaid labor.
3,327,806 children in the country are child laborers working in various sectors like agriculture, industry and services. Children are also often forced to work in gold, wolframite, and coltan mines. They are hindered from going to school, and are also forcibly recruited into armed forces while attending schools. Sexual exploitation of children is also common. Inability to produce valid birth certificates and proof of citizenship sometimes leaves children with no choice but to enter the labor markets to make money for their poor families.
3. The Democratic Republic of the Congo
3,327,806 children in the country are child laborers working in various sectors like agriculture, industry and services. Children are also often forced to work in gold, wolframite, and coltan mines. They are hindered from going to school, and are also forcibly recruited into armed forces while attending schools. Sexual exploitation of children is also common. Inability to produce valid birth certificates and proof of citizenship sometimes leaves children with no choice but to enter the labor markets to make money for their poor families.
Children are mostly engaged in agricultural work in Chad. Some children in the country may be sold or trafficked against their will to work in areas of the country related to oil production. It is not unheard of for children to be forced to become soldiers. UNICEF data reveals that more than half of the country's children is said to be working.
2. Chad
Children are mostly engaged in agricultural work in Chad. Some children in the country may be sold or trafficked against their will to work in areas of the country related to oil production. It is not unheard of for children to be forced to become soldiers. UNICEF data reveals that more than half of the country's children is said to be working.
Children work in garment factories, farming, and in various types of manufacturing. But the exact nature of their employment is hard to track as it is informal. Poverty is the main cause of underaged work in Bangladesh. Being susceptible to climate change, despite there being some legislation in place in Bangladesh to protect children, the country will have challenges ahead.
1. Bangladesh
Children work in garment factories, farming, and in various types of manufacturing. But the exact nature of their employment is hard to track as it is informal. Poverty is the main cause of underaged work in Bangladesh. Being susceptible to climate change, despite there being some legislation in place in Bangladesh to protect children, the country will have challenges ahead.

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