Six years after the Afghanistan Cricket Federation was formed, the International Cricket Council (ICC) granted the Afghanistan cricket team an affiliate membership in 2001. Two years later, the country became a member of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC).
The national team rose to prominence after performances in the World Cricket League. They also played in the 2009 World Cup Qualifier and progressed to participate in their first major tournament, the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. That year proved to be lucky as they won the Intercontinental Cup beating Scotland in the finale. In 2011, the Afghanistan team failed to qualify for the ICC Cricket World Cup, but gained ODI status for the next four years.