The Nobel Peace Prize was first awarded in 1901, five years after the death of its founder, Alfred Nobel.
Nobel was a Swedish scientist, who left much of his wealth to establish the Nobel Prize, with the aim of awarding “prizes to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind”.
This year, the winners of the Nobel Prize will get around £800,000 each, and winners are expected to donate some or all of their prize money to foundations and charities, or to further research within their industries.
This year’s winners will join the 2020 and 2021 laureates at the Nobel Week in December, which will take place in Stockholm, Sweden.
But, who are the runners and riders for the Nobel Peace Prize 2022?
Here’s everything you need to know.
When will the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate be announced?
The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate will be announced on Friday, October 7.
Who are the favourites to win the Nobel Peace Prize laureate?
The bookmakers’ favourite to win this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is Volodymyr Zelensky, who was on the TIME 2022 100 list.
The Ukranian president has repeatedly spoken out against Russia’s actions on the global stage.
Filippo Grandi, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Filippo Grandi is at the forefront of responding to crises in Ukraine and Afghanistan, and has provided cash assistance and relief items to those in need.
The Balarusian opposition politician Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya has been living in exile since running against Alexander Lukashenko in the country’s 2020 presidential election.
Lukashenko claimed victory despite concerns about the election being unfair, as well as a widespread belief that the results put Tsikhanouskaya ahead of him.
The World Health Organisation (WHO)
For nearly three years, the World Health Organisation has been at the forefront of the global response to the Covid pandemic.
During that time, it garnered praise for providing money, vaccines, and equipment to help try and contain the virus.
The WHO-backed COVAX program also helped to deliver 1.7 billion vaccines to 146 of the world’s poorest countries.
Russia’s jailed opposition leader Alexey Navalny, and anti-corruption activist, has been a key figure fighting for democratic reform.
In 2011, he created the Anti-Corruption Foundation in order to investigate high-ranking Russian officials for corruption.
He has also worked for years to hold Putin’s regime accountable.
The Swedish climate activist Greta Thunburg is one of TIME’s 2019 people of the year, and has put pressure on global powers to do more to combat the climate crisis.
Thunberg has also had a long but vocal history of criticising the “lack of action” on climate change.
Simon Kofe, Tuvalu’s foreign minister, has made it his mission to address the climate crisis, after rising seas have become a significant threat to the sinking Pacific islands, such as Tuvalu.
Sir David Attenborough
The 95-year-old is most beloved for his award-winning nature series, including Life on Earth and The Blue Planet.
His works have showcased wildlife and nature for many decades and, more recently, he spoke in front of the UN and World Economic Forum to advocate for addressing the climate crisis.
Pratik Sinha and Mohammed Zubair
The journalists Pratik Sinha and Mohammed Zubair co-founded the Indian fact-checking website AltNews.
Sinha and Zubair have methodologically debunked rumours and fake news that’s circulated on social media, as well as calling out hate speech.
They have combatted misinformation in India, where Hindu nationalist BJP party has been accused of stoking discrimination against Muslims.
Myanmar National Unity Government
The Myanmar National Unity Government has emerged as a shadow government, since the country’s military detained Aung San Suu Kyi in a coup last February.
The military have charged her with violating coronavirus rules, as well as with corruption.
More than 1,000 people have been killed since her arrest, and thousands more have been arrested for protesting the military junta.