By Karolos Grohmann
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea (Reuters) - The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) on Friday dismissed 47 appeals from Russian athletes and coaches to take part in the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics, putting an end to a months-long saga over their Olympic fate.
The Russians had appealed their exclusion from the Games by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) over the doping scandal from the 2014 Sochi Games.
"In its decisions, the CAS arbitrators have considered that the process created by the IOC to establish an invitation list of Russian athletes to compete as Olympic athletes from Russia (OAR) could not be described as a sanction but rather as an eligibility decision," CAS secretary general Matthieu Reeb said, reading from a statement.
The IOC in December banned Russia from the Games over doping in the country that included massive manipulation of doping samples at the Sochi Olympics and more than 1,000 athletes across several sports.
It also banned dozens of athletes from the Games for life and stripped their Sochi Games medals following several investigations into the doping affair.
"We welcome this decision which supports the fight against doping and brings clarity for all athletes," an IOC spokesperson said on Friday.
Days earlier CAS had upheld the appeal of 28 athletes due to insufficient evidence but the IOC still refused to invite them saying the evidence was there.
Instead it invited 169 carefully screened Russian athletes to compete as neutrals under the Olympic flag. It has also suspended the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC).
Among those appealing on Friday were athletes who were not sanctioned for doping in their careers and were not named specifically in the investigations but were still excluded from the Games, with the IOC saying the evidence was there as was suspicion of wrong-doing.
"These decisions come as welcome news for WADA as they will, for athletes and all others worldwide that care for clean sport and the integrity of the Games," said World Anti-Doping Agency chief Craig Reedie.
Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko said on Friday the CAS ruling was understandable but disappointing.
"It was difficult for CAS to render a decision on the backdrop of past pressure," Mutko was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency. "Had they been cleared, it would have been a shock. The Olympics have started. We need to support the team. There are promising athletes."
"We support the guys who did not go. There will be competitions for them. And begging for invitations all the time is beyond reasonable," he said.
The IOC had been criticised in 2016 for not banning Russian from the Rio de Janeiro Games following the information provided by three whistleblowers who essentially exposed Russian doping.
On Friday, Jim Walden, the lawyer of whistleblower Grigory Rodchenkov -- the former head of the Russian anti-doping lab who has fled the country and lives in hiding in the United States -- said IOC President Thomas Bach should resign.
"Today's decision by the CAS... is a small semblance of justice for clean athletes. The IOC and CAS have been complicit in enabling Russian doping," Walden said in a statement.
"I am confident that today's decision is mostly a reaction to the outcry from clean athletes against Olympic corruption and complicity. I hope IOC President Thomas Bach is listening. For the sake of the Olympic ideal, he needs to resign."
The Games officially open later on Friday and run to Feb. 25.
(Additional reporting by Gabriellle Tetrault-Farber in Pyeongchang and Katya Golubkova in Moscow, Editing by Peter Rutherford/Greg Stutchbury/Amlan Chakraborty)