The US open champion became the first qualifier to capture a Grand Slam title in the Open Era with her success at Flushing Meadows in September 2021, earning $21.1m (£17.9m) over the past year.
Former world number one Roger Federer retained his place at the top of the list of the world’s highest paid tennis players for a 17th year despite not playing a match for nearly 14 months.
Federer, 41, has not featured since Wimbledon last year after he had another operation on his knee, which has bothered the Swiss great in the twilight of his career.
However, the 20-times Grand Slam champion still raked in an estimated $90 million before taxes and agents’ fees over the last 12 months to top the list, with the money coming from "endorsements, appearances and other business endeavours".
Japan’s Naomi Osaka, who has won four majors, is second on the list after making around $56.2 million in the past year.
The 24-year-old launched a new media company in partnership with four-times NBA champion LeBron James and a new sports agency in June.
She is the highest-paid female tennis player, earning more than 23-times Grand Slam winner Serena Williams, who is set to retire after the U.S. Open that begins next week.
Williams has earned $35.1 million this year, edging former men’s number ones Rafa Nadal ($31.4 million) and Novak Djokovic ($27.1 million).
Men’s U.S. Open champion and world number one Daniil Medvedev is seventh with $19.3 million.
Kei Nishikori ($13.2 million) and Venus Williams ($12 million) are eighth and ninth while Spanish sensation Carlos Alcaraz ($10.9 million) rounds off the top 10.
Additional reporting from Reuters